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jacko the great

Gastrointestinal Reflux Disease or GERD is a common term utilized today to describe the return of gastric (stomach) content into the esophagus. GERD is characterized by a cough, burning sensation in the stomach, chest, red, sore throat, and pain in the gastric region. Often patients with GERD will experience the presence of gastric content returning into the oral cavity (mouth) upon lying down at night. Common causes of GERD include caffeine, consuming large meals before bed, over eating, spicy or fatty foods, binding clothing, acidic drinks, lack of mastication with meal consumption, and constipation. Emesis (vomiting) is another common GI problem as well as a protective mechanism of the body. Emesis is the opposite action of normal peristalsis; food is not moved downward in the GI tract, instead it is propelled upward via the esophagus into the oral cavity and exits the mouth. The most common causes of emesis production include altered equilibrium, gluttony, viral or bacterial illness, and purposeful production for weight control as with bulimia or anorexia nervosa. Flatulence (intestinal gas) or flatus is a natural occurrence in the gastrointestinal tract. Intestinal gas is formed by bacteria and/or carbohydrates that have been ingested without proper mastication and have fermented in the GI tract. Individuals who are unable to tolerate or alter the mechanical structure of lactose have an increased production of gas in the intestinal tract as well.

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